CIPA Meeting October 30, 2008
Cumulative Impacts and Precautionary Approaches Meeting October 30, 2008
This is the second meeting of the cumulative impacts and precautionary approaches (CIPA) workgroup to discuss progress to date and discuss ways to better assess and address cumulative impacts and precautionary approaches.
Information about the workgroup and meeting
- Approach to Case Studies:
- Overview of the Air Toxics ‘Hot Spots’ Information and Assessment Act (California Air Resources Board)
- Statute: Air Toxics ‘Hot Spots’ Information and Assessment Act of 1987 (California Health and Safety Code, § 44300 et seq.)
- Example of an Annual Report from an Air District (South Coast Air Quality Management District, Annual Report on AB 2588 Air Toxics ‘Hot Spots’ Program, Updated version July 2014
Relevant Research Papers:
- Dolinoy DC, Miranda ML (2004). GIS modeling of air toxics releases from TRI-reporting and non-TRI-reporting facilities: impacts for environmental justice. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(17):1717-24.
- Abel TD (2008). Skewed riskscapes and environmental injustice: a case study of metropolitan St. Louis. Environmental Management, 42(2):232-248.
*Note: These first two papers show spatial distribution of facilities that release hazardous air pollutants, in case studies based in North Carolina and St. Louis. We include them because the geographic presentation is informative and shows potential for overlap of affected areas between multiple facilities.
- Morello-Frosch RA, Woodruff TJ, Axelrad DA, Caldwell JC (2000). Air toxics and health risks in California: the public health implications of outdoor concentrations. Risk Analysis 20(2): 273-91.
Note: This paper provides an analysis of the public health significance of hazardous air pollutants in ambient air in California.
- Perlin SA, Wong D, Sexton K (2001). Residential proximity to industrial sources of air pollution: interrelationships among race, poverty, and age. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 51(3):406-21. [Abstract]
- Fisher JB, Kelly M, Romm J (2006). Scales of environmental justice: combining GIS and spatial analysis for air toxics in West Oakland, California. Health & Place, 12(4): 701-714. ** [Abstract]
Note: This paper shows an analysis of the interaction between a major industrial source and traffic emissions in West Oakland.
- California Air Resources Board. Draft Particulate Matter Health Risk Assessment for West Oakland Community. Preliminary Summary of Results. March 19, 2008.
Note: This draft assessment focuses primarily on the contribution of diesel particulate to health risk, rather than the emissions addressed through the AB 2588 program, but it provides a good explanation of the overlay of various sources and how they can concentrate in particular neighborhoods and does discuss the contribution of certain industrial sources.
Background Materials for Present Bioaccumulative Pollutants Case
- Kelly BC, Ikonomou MG, Blair JD, Morin AE, Gobas FA (2007). Food web–specific biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants. Science, 317(5835):236–239.
- Commission for Economic Cooperation. Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxic Substances.
- Calamari D (2002). Assessment of persistent and bioaccumulating chemicals in the aquatic environment. Toxicology, 181-182:183-6. ** [Abstract]
Background Materials on Precautionary Approaches
- Cranor CF (2003). What could precautionary science be? Research for early warnings and a better future. In: Precaution, environmental science, and preventive public policy. Tickner JA, ed. Island Press, Washington, DC. **
- Fisher E (2002). Precaution, precaution everywhere: developing a ‘common understanding’ of the precautionary principle in the European Community. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 9:7-28. **
Background Materials on Cumulative Impacts
- Adler NE, Rehkopf DH (2008). U.S. disparities in health: descriptions, causes, and mechanisms. Annual Review of Public Health, 29:235-52. ** [Abstract]
- Corburn J, Osleeb J, Porter M (2006). Urban asthma and the neighbourhood environment in New York City. Health and Place, 12:167-79. ** [Abstract]
- Faber DR, Krieg EJ (2002). Unequal exposure to ecological hazards: environmental injustices in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Environmental Health Perspectives, 110(Suppl 2):277-88.
- Green RS, Smorodinsky S, Kim JJ, McLaughlin R, Ostro B (2004). Proximity of California public schools to busy roads. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(1):61-66.
- Morello-Frosch R, Shenassa ED (2006). The environmental “riskscape” and social inequality: implications for explaining maternal and child health disparities. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114(8):1150-3.
** This document is or may be protected by United States or foreign copyright laws and is being provided to Work Group members for non-commercial, scientific or educational purposes only. The copyright owner must be contacted for permission to use these materials for other purposes.
Note: This meeting was originally scheduled for September 15, 2008. It was rescheduled for October 30, 2008 and announced on September 17, 2008.