Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment

Most Popular Links

Listservs

More Resources

Prop. 65 resources

Enforcement

Administrative Listing Mechanism

State’s Qualified Experts Mechanism

More Resources

 

Proposition 65

Notice of Intent to List: Mon 4660, Mon 13900, And Pymetrozine
[01/21/11]

Download a copy of this notice as a pdf file here

The California Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) intends to list the chemicalsMON 4660 (dichloroacetyl-1-oxa-4-azaspiro(4.5)decane), MON 13900 (furilazole), and pymetrozine as known to the State to cause cancer under the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986.  This action is being taken under the authoritative bodies listing mechanism.

Chemical

CAS No.

Endpoint

Reference

Chemical Use

MON 4660
(dichloroacetyl-1-oxa-4-aza­spiro­(4.5)­decane)

71526-07-3

Cancer

U.S. EPA (1999a)

Herbicide safener* used in formulations with acetanilide herbicides (such as alachlor and/or acetochlor).

MON 13900 (furilazole)

121776-33-8

Cancer

U.S. EPA (1999b)

Herbicide safener* used in formulations with the acetanilide herbicide acetochlor.

Pymetrozine

123312-89-0

Cancer

U.S. EPA (1999c)

Anti-feeding insecticide used on lettuce, broccoli, celery, and other vegetables and fruits

* A safener is an inert ingredient used to protect the desired crop from the effects of the active herbicide. 

OEHHA requested information relevant to the possible listing of MON 4660, MON 13900, and pymetrozine in a notice published in the California Regulatory Notice Register on October 22, 2010 (Register 2010, No. 43‑Z).  OEHHA received no public comments. 

Background on listing via the authoritative bodies mechanism:  A chemical must be listed under the Proposition 65 regulations when two conditions are met:

However, the chemical is not listed if scientifically valid data which were not considered by the authoritative body clearly establish that the sufficiency of evidence criteria were not met (Section 25306(f)).
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) is one of several institutions designated as authoritative for the identification of chemicals as causing cancer (Section 25306(m)).

OEHHA is the lead agency for Proposition 65 implementation.  After an authoritative body has made a determination about a chemical, OEHHA evaluates whether listing under Proposition 65 is required using the criteria contained in the regulations.

OEHHA’s determination: MON 4660, MON 13900, and pymetrozine each meet the criteria for listing as known to the State to cause cancer under Proposition 65, based on findings of the U.S. EPA (U.S. EPA, 1999a; U.S. EPA, 1999b; U.S. EPA, 1999c).

Formal identification and sufficiency of evidence for MON 4660 (dichloroacetyl-1-oxa-4-azaspiro(4.5)decane):  In 1999, the U.S. EPA published a report on MON 4660, entitled Cancer Assessment Document, Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Potential of MON 4660, which concludes that the chemical causes cancer (U.S. EPA, 1999a).  This report satisfies the formal identification and sufficiency of evidence criteria in the Proposition 65 regulations.

OEHHA is relying on the U.S. EPA’s discussion of data and conclusions in the report that MON 4660 causes cancer.  The U.S. EPA report concludes that MON 4660 is “ ‘likely to be carcinogenic to humans’ by the oral route.”  Evidence described in the report includes studies showing that MON 4660 increased the incidences of tumors as follows:

Male rats:

Female rats:

Male mice:

Female mice:

Thus, the U.S. EPA (1999a) has found that MON 4660 causes an increased incidence of malignant tumors or combined malignant and benign tumors in male rats and male and female mice, with tumors at multiple sites in male rats and mice.

Formal identification and sufficiency of evidence for MON 13900 (furilazole):  In 1999, the U.S. EPA published a report on MON 13900 (furilazole), entitled Cancer Assessment Document, Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Potential of MON 13900, which concludes that the chemical causes cancer (U.S. EPA, 1999b).  This report satisfies the formal identification and sufficiency of evidence criteria in the Proposition 65 regulations.

OEHHA is relying on the U.S. EPA’s discussion of data and conclusions in the report that MON 13900 causes cancer.  The U.S. EPA report concludes that MON 13900 is “ ‘likely to be carcinogenic to humans’ by the oral route.” Evidence described in the report includes studies showing that MON 13900 increased the incidences of tumors as follows:
Male rats:

Female rats:

Female mice:

Thus, the U.S. EPA (1999b) has found that MON 13900 causes increased incidences of malignant or combined malignant and benign tumors in male rats, female rats, and female mice, including rare stomach tumors in male rats and an increased incidence of tumors at multiple sites in male rats and female mice.

Formal identification and sufficiency of evidence for pymetrozine:  In 1999, the U.S. EPA published a report on pymetrozine, entitled Cancer Assessment Document, Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Potential of Pymetrozine, which concludes that the chemical causes cancer (U.S. EPA, 1999c).  This report satisfies the formal identification and sufficiency of evidence criteria in the Proposition 65 regulations.

OEHHA is relying on the U.S. EPA’s discussion of data and conclusions in the report that pymetrozine causes cancer.  The U.S. EPA report concludes pymetrozine is “ ‘likely to be a human carcinogen’ by the oral route.”  Evidence described in the report includes studies showing that pymetrozine increased the incidences of hepatocellular carcinomas in male mice and combined benign hepatomas and hepatocellular carcinomas in male and female mice. 

Thus, the U.S. EPA (1999c) has found that pymetrozine causes increased incidences of malignant liver tumors in male mice, and combined malignant and benign liver tumors in male and female mice.

Request for comments:  OEHHA is committed to public participation in its implementation of Proposition 65.  OEHHA wants to ensure that its regulatory decisions are based on a thorough consideration of all relevant information.  OEHHA is requesting comments as to whether these three chemicals meet the criteria set forth in the Proposition 65 regulations for authoritative bodies listings.  In order to be considered, comments must be received by OEHHA by 5:00 p.m. on Tuesday, February 22, 2011.  We encourage you to submit comments in electronic form, rather than in paper form.  Comments transmitted by e-mail should be addressed to cynthia.oshita@oehha.ca.gov.  Comments submitted in paper form may be mailed or delivered in person in triplicate, or faxed, to the addresses below:

Mailing Address: Ms. Cynthia Oshita
Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
P.O. Box 4010, MS-19B
Sacramento, California 95812-4010
Fax: (916) 323-8803
Street Address: 1001 I Street
Sacramento, California 95814
If you have any questions, please contact Ms. Oshita at cynthia.oshita@oehha.ca.gov or at (916) 445‑6900.

References
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA, 1999a). Cancer Assessment Document, Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Potential of MON 4660.  Final Report. Cancer Health Effects Division, Office of Pesticide Programs.  December 9, 1999.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA, 1999b). Cancer Assessment Document, Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Potential of MON 13900. Health Effects Division, Office of Pesticides Programs. September 21, 1999.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA, 1999c). Cancer Assessment Document, Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Potential of Pymetrozine. Health Effects Division, Office of Pesticide Programs. August 24, 1999.

 

 
 
Flex Your Power Website
Energy efficiency and conservation information. Find incentives/rebates, technical assistance, retailers, product guides, case studies and more.
AMBER ALERT: Save a Child Amber Alert logo
AMBER ALERT empowers law enforcement, the media and the public to combat abduction by sending out immediate information.